Unless you're a total stranger to MyFitnessRoad.com, you'll know that I care a great deal about trying to unveil the complex exterior of fitness – primarily where Al is concerned.

But aside from Al, the broader community who in some way 'has' or 'will' become involved in fitness – it's useful to understand that there are many inconsistencies in the terminologies used by the Health and Fitness industries.

We're going to try and clarify some of the more common examples here.

Making sense of the inconsistencies

Over the years, I've found fitness definitions and terms to have a fair degree of variability among their meaning and use.

You may be thinking, "why does he care?"

Because I would consider my job half-done if I didn't. A lot of the reason behind running this Site is 'helping' those in need of guidance or information – however simple or complex.

If I were to simply cherry-pick the topics I write about, I would be neglecting some very important parts about fitness. Doing the job right means going beyond merely prescribing fitness programs.

It extends to asking, listening and educating.


Often, two Exercise Authorities or Fitness Trainers may use the exact same term to infer different concepts, or may mean the same thing by using two distinctly different terms.

Here are a couple of examples:

I discovered that some regard a “Push Up” as a vertical dumbbell shoulder press, when others mean a chest exercise performed by pushing with the palms on a floor surface and raising the upper body;

I recall reading an article in a fitness magazine some years back which referred to a "Skull-crusher" as an excellent isolation exercise for the Triceps. I thought "good heavens!  What could the article be referring to by using such a horrific-sounding term? And why had I not heard of it before?" 

I was relieved to find out that it was a name for an exercise that I perform regularly – one of my preferred ones in fact, and something I always referred to as the "Laying Triceps Extension with an EZ bar."

Different strokes for different folks? I think it's more a case that differences and inconsistencies will be commonplace in any global industry which is not internationally regulated. And so it calls for a commonsense approach by those who work in it.


A little inconsistency can be tolerated, but at times it has been frustrating to operate in a field that has so many sporting bodies, authorities and standards. I often discovered that I needed to have synonyms or definitions ready on the fly when I received frowns or questions like "what did you mean by that term, never heard it before?" One of those people was me when I first learned of the term "Health-Related Fitness."

Book, Websites and journals abound – and even after much reading up and exploring, I still did not uncover much on the origin or a plausible definition for 'Health-Related Fitness' (also referred to as Health-Related Physical Fitness). And this is but one example.

Not sure why, but I like scratching beneath the surface to discover more about the meanings and intentions of terms used in the industry. The benefit is not just for my own clarity and enrichment, but for you interested readers and all those I interact with in this industry.

There is a list of fitness definitions and terms further down the page, which will be updated from time-to-time.


Who sets the gold standard and dictates what is universally accepted in the health and fitness industry?

Your answer is as good as mine.

It seems like we, as health and fitness professionals, work more like the way tropical fish move about in an aquarium than synchronized swimmers would travel through water. My take is that whether independent, governmental, global or private - health and fitness will continue to have its grey areas in what the standard of excellence and degree of acceptance is.

Nevertheless, as long as the various centers of excellence and certifying authorities around the world (and there are many), A: work to high standards and B: do not conflict with one another but rather collaborate, I think we can get along. That way, trainers can at least be recognized as experts in this universe of work.


Getting back to the specifics of the page, below is a list of common terms, fitness definitions, and their 'generally' accepted explanations. Included are some terms that I use frequently in this particular Site and in my work (the list will be updated and more examples will be added with time).

Please note, these terminologies and explanations in no way represent a universal catalogue. It would be close to impossible to distinguish and list all known health and fitness terms in use around the globe, much less standardize their meanings and applications.

My hope is that the list will contribute towards the integrity of this Site, as well as provide the necessary clarity for you to better understand and enjoy your sojourn here with me.


State of being associated with freedom from disease and illness.


A desired or improved state of health and wellbeing, increased stress-coping skills and the ability to efficiently perform aspects of physical activity, sport or leisure occupations.

Physical Health

Physical Fitness

Physical Fitness Program

An integrated regimen of physical activities catering to one or more specific need such as functional, skill-related and/or health related fitness.

Health and Fitness

Health-Related Fitness 

According to the President’s Council on Physical Fitness (PCPFS), "Health-related physical fitness consists of those components of physical fitness that have a relationship with good health." Physical fitness, within the realm of Health-Related Physical Fitness, is therefore a set of 'measurable' characteristics, or Components. 
Broken down, the 5 Health-Related Fitness Components are: Cardiorespiratory Fitness, Body Composition, Muscular Strength, Muscular Endurance and Flexibility.
These terms and components are covered in more detail on the pages: Definitions of Health-Related Fitness and Health-Related Fitness Components.

Health and Fitness industry

Total Fitness

All-round Fitness

Holistic health

Emotional wellness

Mental health

Sensible approach

Spiritual wellbeing

Skill Related Fitness

Average Everyday Person

Eating Plan


Trigger Food

Binge eating

Fat meter

The take home message on fitness definitions and terms

To be cautious and not to assume that we, as Exercise Authorities or Fitness Trainers, have a standardized lingo with globally accepted fitness definitions and exercise terminology. We also need to keep in mind that although the industry is mostly US-pioneered and influenced, that we read widely and assimilate knowledge on our subject from all relevant sources and subject-matter experts.

Finally, we should adopt an element of common sense and dig a little below the surface when unsure, in order to properly understand what we’re learning or talking about. Ours, or more importantly, our clients’ wellbeing depends on this.